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Level 6

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The Arts

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in the Arts, they investigate a range of traditional and contemporary arts forms, styles, media, materials, equipment and technologies in the arts disciplines of Dance, Drama, Media, Music and Visual Arts – Art (two-dimensional and three-dimensional) individually and in combination. They learn about ways to design, improvise, represent, interpret, make and present arts works that communicate feelings and their interests and understanding of themselves, their relationships and other people. For example:

  • in Dance, students mirror the movements of a partner and then perform the same movements expressing contrasting emotions
  • in Drama, students role-play situations and events, sustaining role/character throughout their group...
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Standards

Creating and making

At Level 6, students independently and collaboratively experiment with and apply a range of skills, techniques and processes using a range of media, materials, equipment and technologies to plan, develop, refine, make and present arts works. They investigate a range of sources to generate ideas and manipulate arts elements, principles and/or conventions in a range of arts disciplines and forms as they explore the potential of ideas. In their arts works, they communicate ideas and understandings about themselves and others, incorporating influences from their own and other cultures and times. They evaluate the effectiveness of their arts works and make changes to realise intended aims. They consider purpose and suitability when they plan and prepare arts works for...

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Civics and Citizenship

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Civics and Citizenship, they learn about the origins and establishment of the Australian nation at Federation. They examine the nature of the Australian federal system of governance that developed. They consider the effects of Australian federation on the democratic rights of different groups of people such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) people, women and non-British migrants.

Students learn about the three levels of government in Australia and investigate examples of the functions and services of these governments such as currency, defence, education, health, parks and libraries. They examine other features of Australian democracy; for example, the role of government in representing the people, the key...

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Standards

Civic knowledge and understanding

At Level 6, students describe the nature of Australia’s democracy that developed as a result of Federation. They describe the three levels of government and some of the key functions of each level. They explain the basic elements of Australia’s federal parliamentary system and key democratic principles and values such as freedom of speech and equality before the law. They explain the concept of multiculturalism and describe the contribution of various cultural groups, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, to Australian identity. They demonstrate understanding of the process of making and changing laws.

Community engagement

At Level 6, students demonstrate understanding of the roles and responsibilities of leaders, and...

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Communication

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they use their understanding of communication conventions to communicate effectively with peers and to respond appropriately when they are part of an audience; for example, by waiting for the communication of others to be completed before responding. They practise listening attentively to identify and communicate main points to others. They reflect on the implicit messages received through body language and begin to understand that verbal and non-verbal messages do not always correspond. They practise sending consistent messages during their interactions.

Students experience a variety of aural, written and visual communication forms in both formal and informal settings; for example electronic communication...

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Standards

Listening, viewing and responding

At Level 6, students ask clarifying questions about ideas and information they listen to and view. They develop interpretations of the content and provide reasons for them. They explain why peers may develop alternative interpretations. They describe the purpose of a range of communication strategies, including non-verbal strategies, and evaluate their effectiveness for different audiences.

Presenting

At Level 6, students summarise and organise ideas and information, logically and clearly in a range of presentations. They identify the features of an effective presentation and adapt elements of their own presentations to reflect them. Using provided criteria, they evaluate the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations.

Design, Creativity and Technology

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Design, Creativity and Technology, they contribute to the development of design briefs that include some limitations and specifications by posing questions about and identifying situations, problems, needs and opportunities for the creation of useful products and simple systems. They explore ideas and concepts about design, materials/ingredients and systems, and consider how these can be combined in innovative ways to create solutions; for example, for a model solar boat or a fun park ride.

Individually and in small teams, students develop possible solutions in response to design briefs, using simple mind maps, sketches, plans and annotated drawings, labelled diagrams models and flow charts. They increasingly use information...

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Standards

Investigating and designing

At Level 6, students contribute to the development of design briefs that include some limitations and specifications. Individually and in teams, they use a range of methods to research and collect data in response to design briefs. They generate and communicate alternative design ideas in response to a design brief and use words, labelled sketches and models, to demonstrate that they are aware of environmental and social constraints.

Students take account of the views of users/consumers and produce step-by-step plans and/or modify recipes for making products and/or simple mechanical/electrical systems. They describe how their intended product will function or be used, and what it will look like in the context of the requirements of the design brief. They identify...

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English

English Level Description

The English curriculum is built around the three interrelated strands of Language, Literature and Literacy. Teaching and learning programs should balance and integrate all three strands. Together the strands focus on developing students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in listening, reading, viewing, speaking, writing and creating. Learning in English builds on concepts, skills and processes...

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English Content Descriptions

Reading and viewing

Language
  1. Understand how authors often innovate on text structures and play with language features to achieve particular aesthetic, humorous and persuasive purposes and effects (ACELA1518)
  2. Identify and explain how analytical images like figures, tables, diagrams, maps and graphs contribute to our understanding of verbal information in factual and persuasive texts (ACELA1524)
Literature
  1. Analyse and evaluate similarities and differences in texts on similar topics, themes or plots (ACELT1614)
  2. Identify, describe, and discuss similarities and differences between texts, including those by the same author or illustrator, and evaluate characteristics that define an author’s individual style (ACELT1616)
  3. Identify and explain how choices in language, for example modality, emphasis, repetition and metaphor, influence personal response to different texts (ACELT1615)
  4. Identify the relationship between words, sounds, imagery and language patterns in narratives and poetry such as ballads, limericks and free verse (ACELT1617)
Literacy
  1. Analyse how text structures and language features work together to meet the purpose of a text (ACELY1711)
  2. Analyse strategies authors use to influence readers (ACELY1801)
  3. Select, navigate and read texts for a range of purposes, applying appropriate text processing strategies and interpreting structural features, for example table of contents, glossary, chapters, headings and subheadings (ACELY1712)
  4. Use comprehension strategies to interpret and analyse information and ideas, comparing content from a variety of textual sources including media and digital texts (ACELY1713)

Writing

Language
  1. Understand that cohesive links can be made in texts by omitting or replacing words (ACELA1520)
  2. Investigate how complex sentences can be used in a variety of ways to elaborate, extend and explain ideas (ACELA1522)
  3. Understand how ideas can be expanded and sharpened through careful choice of verbs, elaborated tenses and a range of adverb groups/phrases (ACELA1523)
  4. Investigate how vocabulary choices, including evaluative language can express shades of meaning, feeling and opinion (ACELA1525)
  5. Understand how to use banks of known words, word origins, base words, suffixes and prefixes, morphemes, spelling patterns and generalisations to learn and spell new words, for example technical words and words adopted from other languages (ACELA1526)
  6. Understand the uses of commas to separate clauses (ACELA1521)
Literature
  1. Experiment with text structures and language features and their effects in creating literary texts, for example, using imagery, sentence variation, metaphor and word choice (ACELT1800)
  2. Create literary texts that adapt or combine aspects of texts students have experienced in innovative ways (ACELT1618)
Literacy
  1. Compare texts including media texts that represent ideas and events in different ways, explaining the effects of the different approaches (ACELY1708)
  2. Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience (ACELY1714)
  3. Reread and edit students’ own and others’ work using agreed criteria and explaining editing choices (ACELY1715)
  4. Develop a handwriting style that is legible, fluent and automatic and varies according to audience and purpose (ACELY1716)
  5. Use a range of software, including word processing programs, learning new functions as required to create texts (ACELY1717)

Speaking and listening

Language
  1. Understand that different social and geographical dialects or accents are used in Australia in addition to Standard Australian English (ACELA1515)
  2. Understand that strategies for interaction become more complex and demanding as levels of formality and social distance increase (ACELA1516)
  3. Understand the uses of objective and subjective language and bias (ACELA1517)
Literature
  1. Make connections between students’ own experiences and those of characters and events represented in texts drawn from different historical, social and cultural contexts (ACELT1613)
Literacy
  1. Participate in and contribute to discussions, clarifying and interrogating ideas, developing and supporting arguments, sharing and evaluating information, experiences and opinions (ACELY1709)
  2. Use interaction skills, varying conventions of spoken interactions such as voice volume, tone, pitch and pace, according to group size, formality of interaction and needs and expertise of the audience (ACELY1816)
  3. Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations, selecting and sequencing appropriate content and multimodal elements for defined audiences and purposes, making appropriate choices for modality and emphasis (ACELY1710)

English Achievement Standard

Reading and viewing

By the end of Level 6, students understand how the use of text structures can achieve particular effects. They analyse and explain how language features, images and vocabulary are used by different authors to represent ideas, characters and events. They compare and analyse information in different texts, explaining literal and implied meaning. They select and use evidence from a text to explain their response to it.

Writing

Students understand how language features and language patterns can be used for emphasis. They show how specific details can be used to support a point of view. They explain how their choices of language features and images are used. They create detailed texts elaborating upon key ideas for a range of purposes and audiences. They demonstrate understanding of grammar, make considered choices from an expanding vocabulary, use, accurate spelling and punctuation for clarity and make and explain editorial choices.

Speaking and listening

Students listen to discussions, clarifying content and challenging others’ ideas. They understand how language features and language patterns can be used for emphasis. They show how specific details can be used to...

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Health and Physical Education

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Health and Physical Education, they refine and expand their range of skills, and perform them with increasing precision, accuracy and control in more complex movements, sequences and games. Students begin to observe, and give constructive feedback on, the skill performance of their peers. They consolidate their mobility and safety skills in aquatic environments and develop confidence and responsibility in the water by, for example: swimming competently for a continuous distance of 50 metres (25 meters in freestyle and 25 metres in another stroke); demonstrating sound breathing and stroke techniques; throwing a rope or buoyant object to a person at least five metres from the side of the pool and pulling or instructing them...

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Standards

Movement and physical activity

At Level 6, students perform confidently and efficiently in a range of movement environments (indoor, outdoor, and aquatic). They refine basic and complex motor skills and apply these skills in increasingly complex games and activities. They maintain regular participation in moderate to vigorous physical activity and monitor exercise intensity. They explain the process for improving health-related fitness. Students effectively use strategic thinking and work with both more- and less-skilled peers to improve game performance. Students work independently to improve performance. They evaluate the performance of a partner and provide constructive feedback based on performance criteria to assist skill development. Students describe and analyse the various roles...

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History

History Level Description

Australia as a nation

The Level 6 curriculum moves from colonial Australia to the development of Australia as a nation, particularly after 1900. Students explore the factors that led to Federation and experiences of...

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Key inquiry questions

  1. Why and how did Australia become a nation?
  2. How did Australian society change throughout the twentieth century?
  3. Who were the people who came to Australia? Why did they come?
  4. What contribution have significant individuals and groups made to the development of Australian society?

History Content Descriptions

Historical Knowledge and Understanding

Australia as a Nation
  1. Key figures and events that led to Australia’s Federation, including British and American influences on Australia’s system of law and government. (ACHHK113)
  2. Experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders, migrants, women, and children. (ACHHK114)
  3. Stories of groups of people who migrated to Australia (including from ONE Asian country) and the reasons they migrated, such as World War II and Australian migration programs since the war. (ACHHK115)
  4. The contribution of individuals and groups, including Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders and migrants, to the development of Australian society, for example in areas such as the economy, education, science, the arts, sport. (ACHHK116)

Historical Skills

Chronology, terms and concepts
  1. Sequence historical people and events. (ACHHS117)
  2. Use historical terms and concepts (ACHHS118)
Historical questions and research
  1. Identify questions to inform an historical inquiry (ACHHS119)
  2. Identify and locate a range of relevant sources (ACHHS120)
Analysis and use of sources
  1. Locate information related to inquiry questions in a range of sources. (ACHHS121)
  2. Compare information from a range of sources. (ACHHS122)
Perspectives and interpretations
  1. Identify points of view in the past and present (ACHHS123)
Explanation and communication
  1. Develop texts, particularly narratives and descriptions, which incorporate source materials (ACHHS124)
  2. Use a range of communication forms (oral, graphic, written) and digital technologies (ACHHS125)

History Achievement Standard

By the end of Level 6, students identify change and continuity and describe the causes and effects of change on society. They compare the different experiences of people in the past. They explain the significance of an individual and group.

Students sequence events and people (their lifetime) in chronological order, and represent time by creating timelines. When researching, students develop questions to frame an historical inquiry. They identify a range of sources and locate and compare information to answer inquiry questions. They examine sources to identify and describe points of view. Students develop texts, particularly narratives and descriptions. In developing these texts and organising and presenting their information, they use historical terms and concepts and incorporate relevant sources.

The Humanities - Economics

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Economics, they learn about the nature of the economic problem (scarcity): that is, that our needs and wants are unlimited but the resources available to satisfy these wants are limited. They explore how the community defines, classifies and uses resources. They learn about the processes of consumption, production and distribution in meeting needs and wants, and the role of consumers, workers and producers in the economy. They consider factors affecting their spending and why it is important to be an informed consumer when making spending decisions. They investigate the importance of personal money management and the role of banking, budgeting and saving.

Students consider the nature and meaning of work and its relationship...

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Standards

Economic knowledge and understanding

At Level 6, students describe the nature of the economic problem (scarcity) and explain how selected goods and services are produced and distributed. Students describe the difference between needs and wants, and their own roles as producers and consumers of goods and services. They explain the need to be an informed consumer. They explain the role of work in society and distinguish between paid and unpaid work. They compare different types of work and enterprise in the local community. Students demonstrate basic understanding of personal money management and the role of banking, budgeting and saving.

Economic reasoning and interpretation

At Level 6, students use the inquiry process to plan economics investigations about economic issues in the home, school or local community and form conclusions supported by evidence.

The Humanities - Geography

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Geography, they investigate some of the significant natural processes that operate across Australia (for example, rainfall, drought, flood, earthquake, cyclones and bushfire), and how people react to them, including their preparation for, and management of, natural disasters.

Students explore how humans have affected the Australian environment. Examples could include: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities’ care of the land; clearance by farmers and subsequent problems of land degradation and salinity; and protection of the natural environment through the creation of nature parks, national parks and marine parks. Using an inquiry-based approach, students explore environmental issues and consider possible...

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Standards

Geographical knowledge and understanding

At Level 6, students identify and describe Australia’s significant natural processes. They describe the reaction of people to these processes including the management of natural disasters. They compare the various ways humans have used and affected the Australian environment. Students recommend ways of protecting environmentally sensitive areas in a sustainable way. They provide examples and evidence based on their inquiries. They use geographic language to identify and describe the human and physical characteristics of local and global environments depicted by different kinds of maps, diagrams, photographs and satellite images.

Geospatial skills

At Level 6, students use atlases, street directories and town plan maps to accurately describe...

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Information and Communications Technology

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Information and Communications Technology (ICT), they apply known ICT tools for visualising thinking in new ways to make links between existing and new knowledge. They begin to use new tools, such as ict-controlled models, a programming language or simulation software, such as microworlds, spreadsheets and domain specific modelling software, to represent and explore processes, patterns, and cause-and-effect relationships. They learn to use tools, such as database software and graphic organisers, to organise and analyse data and information. For example, after interviewing people of Asian cultural backgrounds, students might identify similarities and differences between Australian and Asian customs by using a double-cell diagram

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Standards

ICT for visualising thinking

At Level 6, students apply ICT tools and techniques to represent and explore processes, patterns and cause-and-effect relationships. Students use ICT tools and techniques that support the organisation and analysis of concepts, issues and ideas and that allow relationships to be identified and inferences drawn from them.

Students review their stored thinking strategies in order to identify similarities and differences in their thinking patterns. They document in their bank of digital evidence how these visualising thinking strategies help them to understand concepts and relationships.

ICT for creating

At Level 6, students safely and independently use a range of skills, procedures, equipment and functions to process different data types and produce accurate...

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Interpersonal Development

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Interpersonal Development, they develop skills and behaviours for connecting with a variety of groups, including peer and community groups. Students participate in a range of classroom activities where they explore the similarities and differences in the values and beliefs of a range of individuals and groups. They begin to reflect on what this may mean for themselves when building and maintaining relationships with a diverse range of people. They explore and discuss behaviours which demonstrate sensitivity to cultural differences in their interactions with others.

Students compare their beliefs and values with others, and consider how these influence feelings and behaviour. Through discussion and activities such as role...

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Standards

Building social relationships

At Level 6, students demonstrate, through their interactions in social situations, respect for a diverse range of people and groups. Students describe the impact of bullying. They accept and display empathy for the points of view and feelings of their peers and others. They identify and use a variety of strategies to manage and resolve conflict.

Working in teams

At Level 6, students work effectively in different teams and take on a variety of roles to complete tasks of varying length and complexity. They work cooperatively to allocate tasks and develop timelines. Students accept responsibility for their role and tasks. They explain the benefits of working in a team. They provide feedback to others and evaluate their own and the team’s performance.

Languages Pathway 1

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of standards at Pathway 1 Level 6, they learn about cultural differences associated with the language other than English. They understand that Australian life and culture are influenced by these different ways of life. They learn why there are similarities and differences between languages, and how these are related.

Students begin to understand and use the language within the world of their own experience and imagination, with some topics drawn from other domains, including exchanging simple personal information and opinions, and creating and performing short skits in the language. They start to read and locate items of information in short texts and to write short paragraphs.

Students make logical attempts to decipher meaning from written and...

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Standards

Communicating in a language other than English

At Pathway 1 Level 6, students participate in oral interactions to convey and receive information. Students demonstrate sound-discrimination effectively. In tone languages, students discern tone patterns in slowed speech.

Students show awareness of the language and cultural requirements related to a given topic; they adapt language and gesture appropriately for the role, audience and purpose of the discourse. They acquire and use new information and language, and recycle previously learnt language skills and knowledge in new contexts. They initiate and lead communication and respond to communication initiated by others.

Students apply their knowledge of word meanings, word associations and cognates to their own work.

Students organise...

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Mathematics

Mathematics Level Description

The proficiency strands Understanding, Fluency, Problem Solving and Reasoning are an integral part of mathematics content across the three content strands: Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, and Statistics and Probability. The proficiencies reinforce the significance of working mathematically within the content and describe how the content is explored or developed. They provide the...

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Mathematics Content Descriptions

Number and Algebra

Number and place value
  1. Identify and describe properties of prime, composite, square and triangular numbers (ACMNA122)
  2. Select and apply efficient mental and written strategies and appropriate digital technologies to solve problems involving all four operations with whole numbers (ACMNA123)
  3. Investigate everyday situations that use integers. Locate and represent these numbers on a number line (ACMNA124)
Fractions and decimals
  1. Compare fractions with related denominators and locate and represent them on a number line (ACMNA125)
  2. Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions with the same or related denominators (ACMNA126)
  3. Find a simple fraction of a quantity where the result is a whole number, with and without digital technologies (ACMNA127)
  4. Add and subtract decimals, with and without digital technologies, and use estimation and rounding to check the reasonableness of answers (ACMNA128)
  5. Multiply decimals by whole numbers and perform divisions by non-zero whole numbers where the results are terminating decimals, with and without digital technologies (ACMNA129)
  6. Multiply and divide decimals by powers of 10 (ACMNA130)
  7. Make connections between equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages (ACMNA131)
Money and financial mathematics
  1. Investigate and calculate percentage discounts of 10%, 25% and 50% on sale items, with and without digital technologies (ACMNA132)
Patterns and algebra
  1. Continue and create sequences involving whole numbers, fractions and decimals. Describe the rule used to create the sequence (ACMNA133)
  2. Explore the use of brackets and order of operations to write number sentences (ACMNA134)

Measurement and Geometry

Using units of measurement
  1. Connect decimal representations to the metric system (ACMMG135)
  2. Convert between common metric units of length, mass and capacity (ACMMG136)
  3. Solve problems involving the comparison of lengths and areas using appropriate units (ACMMG137)
  4. Connect volume and capacity and their units of measurement (ACMMG138)
  5. Interpret and use timetables (ACMMG139)
Shape
  1. Construct simple prisms and pyramids (ACMMG140)
Location and transformation
  1. Investigate combinations of translations, reflections and rotations, with and without the use of digital technologies (ACMMG142)
  2. Introduce the Cartesian coordinate system using all four quadrants (ACMMG143)
Geometric reasoning
  1. Investigate, with and without digital technologies, angles on a straight line, angles at a point and vertically opposite angles. Use results to find unknown angles (ACMMG141)

Statistics and Probability

Chance
  1. Describe probabilities using fractions, decimals and percentages (ACMSP144)
  2. Conduct chance experiments with both small and large numbers of trials using appropriate digital technologies (ACMSP145)
  3. Compare observed frequencies across experiments with expected frequencies (ACMSP146)
Data representation and interpretation
  1. Interpret and compare a range of data displays, including side-by-side column graphs for two categorical variables (ACMSP147)
  2. Interpret secondary data presented in digital media and elsewhere (ACMSP148)

Mathematics Achievement Standard

Number and Algebra

Students recognise the properties of prime, composite, square and triangular numbers and determine sets of these numbers. They solve problems that involve all four operations with whole numbers and describe the use of integers in everyday contexts. Students locate fractions and integers on a number line and connect fractions, decimals and percentages as different representations of the same number. They solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of related fractions. Students calculate a simple fraction of a quantity and calculate common percentage discounts on sale items, with and without the use of digital technology. They make connections between the powers of 10 and the multiplication and division of decimals. Students add, subtract and multiply decimals and divide decimals where the result is rational. Students write number sentences using brackets and order of operations, and specify rules used to generate sequences involving whole numbers, fractions and decimals. They use ordered pairs of integers to represent coordinates of points and locate a point in any one of the four quadrants on the Cartesian plane.

Measurement and Geometry

Students relate decimals to the metric system and choose appropriate units of measurement to perform a calculation. They solve problems involving length and area, and make connections between capacity and volume. Students interpret a variety of everyday timetables. They solve problems using the properties of angles and investigate simple combinations of transformations in the plane, with and without the use of digital technology. Students construct simple prisms and pyramids.

Statistics and Probability

Students interpret and compare a variety of data displays, including displays for two categorical variables. They analyse and evaluate data from secondary sources. Students compare observed and expected frequencies of events, including those where outcomes of trials are generated with the use of digital technology. They specify, list and communicate probabilities of events using simple ratios, fractions, decimals and percentages.

Personal Learning

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Personal Learning, they explore individual strategies and skills that assist in their learning, such as the use of T charts to develop effective listening skills and concept webs to link ideas. With support, they consider a range of approaches to learning and reflect on how the approaches they use influence the quality of their learning. They explore learning styles which may not be their preferred style and consider why such experimentation is an important aspect of their learning.

Students seek and use teacher feedback to develop their content knowledge and understanding and reflect on how their prior knowledge has changed. They explore how personal values, perspectives and attitudes contribute to the development of content...

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Standards

The individual learner

At Level 6, students identify, with support, their preferred learning styles and use strategies that promote learning. They monitor and describe progress in their learning and demonstrate learning habits that address their individual needs. They seek and respond to teacher feedback to develop their content knowledge and understanding. They identify and explain how different perspectives and attitudes can affect learning. They negotiate learning improvement goals and justify the choices they make about their own learning. Students actively develop, monitor and refine protocols that create a positive learning environment in the classroom.

Managing personal learning

At Level 6, students develop and implement plans to complete short-term and long-term tasks within...

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Science

Science Level Description

The Science Inquiry Skills and Science as a Human Endeavour strands are described across a two-level band. In their planning, schools and teachers refer to the expectations outlined in the Achievement Standard and also to the content of the Science Understanding strand for the relevant level to ensure that these two strands are addressed over the two-level period. The three strands of the curriculum...

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Science Content Descriptions

Science Understanding

Biological sciences
  1. The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment (ACSSU094)
Chemical sciences
  1. Changes to materials can be reversible, such as melting, freezing, evaporating; or irreversible, such as burning and rusting (ACSSU095)
Earth and space sciences
  1. Sudden geological changes or extreme weather conditions can affect Earth’s surface (ACSSU096)
Physical sciences
  1. Electrical circuits provide a means of transferring and transforming electricity (ACSSU097)
  2. Energy from a variety of sources can be used to generate electricity (ACSSU219)

Science as a Human Endeavour

Nature and development of science
  1. Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena (ACSHE098)
  2. Important contributions to the advancement of science have been made by people from a range of cultures (ACSHE099)
Use and influence of science
  1. Scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to solve problems that directly affect peoples’ lives (ACSHE100)
  2. Scientific knowledge is used to inform personal and community decisions (ACSHE220)

Science Inquiry Skills

Questioning and predicting
  1. With guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be (ACSIS232)
Planning and conducting
  1. With guidance, plan appropriate investigation methods to answer questions or solve problems (ACSIS103)
  2. Decide which variable should be changed and measured in fair tests and accurately observe, measure and record data, using digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS104)
  3. Use equipment and materials safely, identifying potential risks (ACSIS105)
Processing and analysing data and information
  1. Construct and use a range of representations, including tables and graphs, to represent and describe observations, patterns or relationships in data using digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS107)
  2. Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations (ACSIS221)
Evaluating
  1. Suggest improvements to the methods used to investigate a question or solve a problem (ACSIS108)
Communicating
  1. Communicate ideas, explanations and processes in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts (ACSIS110)

Science Achievement Standard

By the end of Level 6, students compare the properties and behaviours of solids, liquids and gases. They compare observable changes to materials and classify these changes as reversible or irreversible. They explain everyday phenomena associated with the absorption, reflection, refraction and dispersion of light. They compare different ways in which energy can be transformed from one form to another to generate electricity and evaluate their suitability for particular purposes.  They construct electrical circuits and distinguish between open and closed circuits. They explain how natural events cause rapid change to Earth’s surface and describe the key features of our solar system. They analyse how structural and behavioural adaptations of living things enhance their survival, and predict and describe the effect of environmental changes on individual living things. Students explain how scientific knowledge develops from many people’s contributions and how scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions affect peoples’ lives.

Students follow procedures to develop questions that they can investigate and design investigations into simple cause-and-effect relationships. When planning experimental methods, they identify variables to be changed and measured in fair tests. They make predictions based on general rules or previous experiences. They identify and manage potential safety risks. They make and record accurate observations as tables, diagrams or descriptions. They organise data into tables and graphs to identify and analyse patterns and relationships. They suggest where improvements to their experimental methods or research could improve the quality of their data. They refer to data when they report findings and communicate their ideas, methods and findings using a range of text types.

Thinking Processes

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Thinking Processes, they make observations and pose questions about people and events within and beyond their own experience, and develop a growing awareness of the complexity of the world around them.

Using these questions as a basis, students undertake investigations independently and with others. Their investigations include time for sustained discussion, deliberation and inquiry, with teachers providing appropriate tools and support in this process. Students develop strategies to find suitable sources of information and they learn to distinguish between fact and opinion. They develop an understanding of how our views are socially constructed and not always based on evidence.

Students increase their repertoire of thinking ...

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Standards

Reasoning, processing and inquiry

At Level 6, students develop their own questions for investigation, collect relevant information from a range of sources and make judgments about its worth. They distinguish between fact and opinion. They use the information they collect to develop concepts, solve problems or inform decision making. They develop reasoned arguments using supporting evidence.

Creativity

At Level 6, students use creative thinking strategies to generate imaginative solutions when solving problems. They demonstrate creativity in their thinking in a range of contexts and test the possibilities of concrete and abstract ideas generated by themselves and others.

Reflection, evaluation and metacognition

At Level 6, students use a broad range of thinking processes and tools, and...

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