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Communication - Foundation level

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they begin to identify basic communication conventions in the classroom and playground such as being attentive listeners, facing the speaker, and taking turns. They learn to focus their attention and to listen without interrupting. Students practise retelling what a speaker has said to them and learn to ask questions when appropriate, exploring the interactive nature of communication.

Students respond, in both formal and informal settings, to a variety of stimuli; for example, aural, written and visual texts. They share the meaning they make of these texts with their peers.

Students make regular short oral presentations to groups or the whole class, communicating their ideas on a single topic or a personal experience, the focus being on making themselves understood. They begin to use visual aids such as photographs, objects and drawings to assist them to communicate more effectively.

Standards

In Communication, standards for assessing and reporting on student achievement are introduced at Level 5. The learning focus statements for Foundation to Level 4 provide advice about learning experiences that will assist students to work towards the achievement of the standards at Level 6.

Communication - Level 1

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they practise the skills of being attentive listeners and viewers in pairs, small groups and as a whole class. They are encouraged to use questions to clarify meaning and to extend interaction. They experience, respond to and begin to interpret a variety of aural, written and visual texts, discussing alternative meanings and perspectives when they arise.

When communicating with others, students begin to distinguish between differing contexts, purposes and audiences and they learn to modify their communication accordingly; for example, when playing with friends in the playground and talking to classroom visitors.

Students regularly make short oral presentations to small groups or the whole class on specified topics across the curriculum and on personal experiences beyond school. With guidance, students develop an understanding of basic communication conventions and practise strategies for improving their presentations with a particular focus on making themselves understood; for example, by varying volume and pace and making eye contact with the audience.

Standards

In Communication, standards for assessing and reporting on student achievement are introduced at Level 5. The learning focus statements for Foundation to Level 4 provide advice about learning experiences that will assist students to work towards the achievement of the standards at Level 6.

Communication - Level 2

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they practise the skills of being attentive listeners and viewers in pairs, small groups and as a whole class. They are encouraged to use questions to clarify meaning and to extend interaction. They experience, respond to and begin to interpret a variety of aural, written and visual texts, discussing alternative meanings and perspectives when they arise.

When communicating with others, students begin to distinguish between differing contexts, purposes and audiences and they learn to modify their communication accordingly; for example, when playing with friends in the playground and talking to classroom visitors.

Students regularly make short oral presentations to small groups or the whole class on specified topics across the curriculum and on personal experiences beyond school. With guidance, students develop an understanding of basic communication conventions and practise strategies for improving their presentations with a particular focus on making themselves understood; for example, by varying volume and pace and making eye contact with the audience.

Standards

In Communication, standards for assessing and reporting on student achievement are introduced at Level 5. The learning focus statements for Foundation to Level 4 provide advice about learning experiences that will assist students to work towards the achievement of the standards at Level 6.

Communication - Level 3

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they listen attentively when required and learn to respond and interject appropriately. They learn about appropriate body language when reacting to a speaker and use feedback from peers and the teacher on their own body language to improve their reactions. They practise paraphrasing what a speaker has said to check meaning and ask clarifying questions where meaning is unclear.

Students explore a range of aural, written and visual communication forms such as the Internet, film, texts and music which illustrate a variety of perspectives on a range of topics and ideas. They learn how to identify the main message, develop their own interpretation, and provide evidence to support it. They explore reasons for other...

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Standards

In Communication, standards for assessing and reporting on student achievement are introduced at Level 5. The learning focus statements for Foundation to Level 4 provide advice about learning experiences that will assist students to work towards the achievement of the standards at Level 6.

Communication - Level 4

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they listen attentively when required and learn to respond and interject appropriately. They learn about appropriate body language when reacting to a speaker and use feedback from peers and the teacher on their own body language to improve their reactions. They practise paraphrasing what a speaker has said to check meaning and ask clarifying questions where meaning is unclear.

Students explore a range of aural, written and visual communication forms such as the Internet, film, texts and music which illustrate a variety of perspectives on a range of topics and ideas. They learn how to identify the main message, develop their own interpretation, and provide evidence to support it. They explore reasons for other...

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Standards

In Communication, standards for assessing and reporting on student achievement are introduced at Level 5. The learning focus statements for Foundation to Level 4 provide advice about learning experiences that will assist students to work towards the achievement of the standards at Level 6.

Communication - Level 5

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they use their understanding of communication conventions to communicate effectively with peers and to respond appropriately when they are part of an audience; for example, by waiting for the communication of others to be completed before responding. They practise listening attentively to identify and communicate main points to others. They reflect on the implicit messages received through body language and begin to understand that verbal and non-verbal messages do not always correspond. They practise sending consistent messages during their interactions.

Students experience a variety of aural, written and visual communication forms in both formal and informal settings; for example electronic communication...

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Standards

At Level 5, students are working toward the Level 6 standards.

Communication - Level 6

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 6 standards in Communication, they use their understanding of communication conventions to communicate effectively with peers and to respond appropriately when they are part of an audience; for example, by waiting for the communication of others to be completed before responding. They practise listening attentively to identify and communicate main points to others. They reflect on the implicit messages received through body language and begin to understand that verbal and non-verbal messages do not always correspond. They practise sending consistent messages during their interactions.

Students experience a variety of aural, written and visual communication forms in both formal and informal settings; for example electronic communication...

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Standards

Listening, viewing and responding

At Level 6, students ask clarifying questions about ideas and information they listen to and view. They develop interpretations of the content and provide reasons for them. They explain why peers may develop alternative interpretations. They describe the purpose of a range of communication strategies, including non-verbal strategies, and evaluate their effectiveness for different audiences.

Presenting

At Level 6, students summarise and organise ideas and information, logically and clearly in a range of presentations. They identify the features of an effective presentation and adapt elements of their own presentations to reflect them. Using provided criteria, they evaluate the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations.

Communication - Level 7

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 8 standards in Communication, they develop a range of strategies for listening attentively and extracting meaning from communications, including taking notes and small group discussion to record and summarise main messages. They reflect on how the explicit body language of a speaker influences their enjoyment and understanding of a presentation, and practise modifying their own body language to show interest and respect when listening to a speaker.

Students respond to a wide variety of aural, written and visual media; for example film, radio, the Internet, billboards, multimedia, and text messages. They explore both implicit and explicit meaning, how the author has structured and presented ideas, and whether they have used specialised...

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Standards

At Level 7, students are working toward the Level 8 standards.

Communication - Level 8

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 8 standards in Communication, they develop a range of strategies for listening attentively and extracting meaning from communications, including taking notes and small group discussion to record and summarise main messages. They reflect on how the explicit body language of a speaker influences their enjoyment and understanding of a presentation, and practise modifying their own body language to show interest and respect when listening to a speaker.

Students respond to a wide variety of aural, written and visual media; for example film, radio, the Internet, billboards, multimedia, and text messages. They explore both implicit and explicit meaning, how the author has structured and presented ideas, and whether they have used specialised...

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Standards

Listening, viewing and responding

At Level 8, students modify their verbal and non-verbal responses to suit particular audiences. They interpret complex information and evaluate the effectiveness of its presentation. When responding, they use specialised language and symbols as appropriate to the contexts in which they are working. They consider their own and others’ points of view, apply prior knowledge to new situations, challenge assumptions and justify their own interpretations.

Presenting

At Level 8, students use the communication conventions, forms and language appropriate to the subject to convey a clear message across a range of presentation forms to meet the needs of the context, purpose and audience. They provide and use constructive feedback and reflection to develop effective communication skills.

Communication - Level 9

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 10 standards in Communication, they listen to speakers in a range of contexts, including the school, the wider community and workplaces. They develop their skills in interpreting meaning; for example, by identifying inferences and assumptions. They know what it means to effectively respond both verbally and non-verbally in different contexts and are able to demonstrate this. Students elaborate on and clarify content of presentations, using pertinent questions to explore explicit and implicit meaning. In discussion with their peers, they evaluate the effectiveness of these presentations and note how they can apply the findings to their own presentations.

In structured activities, students explore the relationship between language and power...

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Standards

At Level 9, students are working toward the Level 10 standards.

Communication - Level 10

Learning focus

As students work towards the achievement of Level 10 standards in Communication, they listen to speakers in a range of contexts, including the school, the wider community and workplaces. They develop their skills in interpreting meaning; for example, by identifying inferences and assumptions. They know what it means to effectively respond both verbally and non-verbally in different contexts and are able to demonstrate this. Students elaborate on and clarify content of presentations, using pertinent questions to explore explicit and implicit meaning. In discussion with their peers, they evaluate the effectiveness of these presentations and note how they can apply the findings to their own presentations.

In structured activities, students explore the relationship between language and power...

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Standards

Listening, viewing and responding

At Level 10, students identify the ways in which complex messages are effectively conveyed and apply this knowledge to their communication. When listening, viewing and responding, they consider alternative views, recognise multiple possible interpretations and respond with insight. They use complex verbal and non-verbal cues, subject-specific language, and a wide range of communication forms. Students use pertinent questions to explore, clarify and elaborate complex meaning.

Presenting

At Level 10, students demonstrate their understanding of the relationship between form, content and mode, and select suitable resources and technologies to effectively communicate. They use subject-specific language and conventions in accordance with the purpose of their presentation to communicate complex information. They provide constructive feedback to others and use feedback and reflection in order to inform their future presentations.

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